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What are the Barriers to communication? Types of barriers to communication and how to overcome barriers of communication

What are the barriers to communication?

We communicate with others but we do not know how effectively we communicate? and what are the barriers to communication so today I will tell you all of those barriers and types of barriers to communication and how to overcome barriers of communication? First of all, you should know that communication is not always successful. There are certain barriers that affect the accuracy, clarity, and effectiveness of a message. These barriers always stop the growth of communication and as a result, feedback is not expected from other party.

If either the speaker or the listener faces problems in adjusting the frequency with co-interactants, barriers would automatically be created. and we should also keep in mind that the effectiveness of communication is also affected by the physical barriers like noise, distance, and channel and the media used in the process of communication.

Types of barriers to communication

Semantic/Language barriers to communication

Different people get different meanings to one specific message and that occurs due to the problem with the meaning, significance, and content of the message.
  1. Un understandable language: The sender sends the message to the receiver but the receiver is not able to understand that language.
  2. Faulty translation: let suppose a Chinese man cannot speak English but he is trying to talk to a person who can speak English then the Chinese man would not be able to translate the message to its complete understanding.
  3. Poorly expressed message: This occurs when the sender does not express the message effectively or sometimes the sender sends the rude message.
  4. Words with a different meaning: There are some words that have more than one meaning depending on the situation. For example, if I say "wash your face" and in other situation "face the challenges of life". Now it is clear to you that this word has two meanings.
  5. Unclarified assumptions: Let suppose your boss told you when the clients will arrive then you have to give presentation and after that you have to take care they do not face any problem but what you interpreted that when the clients will arrive then you have to give presentation and that is just you need to require to do. That is how the communication barrier occurs.
  6. Technical words or Jargons: If you are using some technical words and jargon that other party is not able to understand then it will also create a barrier to communication.
  7. Body language: Sometimes body language can also be a barrier to communication. Suppose your senior is trying to tell you something but you will act like you are not interested then He/She will stop telling you because of your body language.

Psychological/Individual/Emotional barriers to communication

This is the barrier that we have in our mind and this type of barrier occurs because of individual skills in receiving and sending information, which would include bad listening and reading skills and negative psychological conditions.
  1. Premature evaluation: It occurs when we evaluate things before completely listening to other party. For example, I want to take holidays from the office and I talk to my colleague about holidays then He/She might I want holidays because I want to enjoy but in fact, you are taking it because of your personal problems.
  2. Inattention: Many a time it happens when we try to talk someone but they do not put in attention so that would be a barrier to communication.
  3. Loss of transmission: Suppose a message flows from 1 to 2 to 3 in a chain so chances are message will lose its original format when it will come to 3. 
  4. Distrust on written message: Sometimes when you get a written message from someone then you do not find it reliable because you do not trust the person who sends you or you think the source is not reliable.

Organizational barriers to communication

This barrier occurs due to reasons like the physical distance between members with respect to their functional specialization of tasks, power, authority, and status relationship, etc.
  1. Organizational policy: If the organization is strict and do not allow free flow of communication and you have to follow rules and regulations of organization then you will mostly talk in "formal language" then the organizational policy would act as a barrier to communication.
  2. Status: Sometimes certain managers feel they have a certain status in the organization and they look down on others.
  3. The complex structure of the organization: If the organization have complex structure then at times you will get confused whom you should contact for certain problem so that can be a barrier to communication.
  4. Organizational facilities: Facilities can also become a barrier. For example, you do not have your official email in your organization then you would not be able to send emails.
  5. Noise in the organization: If there will be noise in your organization then communication would be difficult and noise would act as a barrier.

Personal barriers to communication

Sometimes you become the barrier to communication due to your inner fear or lack of confidence etc.
  1. Fear of challenges: Sometimes you do not share your opinions because of fear inside you and you think what your superior says is correct and I think that happens due to lack of confidence and sometimes we also do not share our opinions because of lack of incentives. For example, your boss does not share the opinion of the whole team and He/She shares his/her opinion and then chances are you will not share your opinion next time.

Some other barriers to communication
  1. Cultural/Geographic barrier: When we talk to people of different cultures then chances are there would be a barrier to communication because of their cultural/geographic differences.
  2. Interpersonal barrier: This type of barrier arises in the process of communication and reason is the relationship or attitude of other party.
  3. Technological barrier: Technology, no doubt have made our lives easy but due to advancement in technology if you are not sending your message through advance technology then it can also act as a barrier to communication.
  4. Information overload: If someone is talking to you for an extended period of time and you are getting tired or you are getting more information in a short time and that is difficult for you to absorb then there will be information overload.
  5. Difficulty in hearing: If you have difficulty in hearing then, of course, you will fell barriers to communication because when someone will talk to you then you will not be able to hear Him/Her clearly.

How to overcome barriers of communication?

  • It is to keep in mind that you should use a proper communication channel before sending idea/information.
  • One should act positively and maintain a good attitude while communicating with others.
  • Use easy to understand language and simple words try to avoid words that have more than one meaning and if you are using them, then you should explain the whole situation to avoid confusion.
  • Try to have a free flow of communication
  • Avoid premature evaluation and listen properly before giving feedback.

What are the Barriers to communication? Types of barriers to communication and how to overcome barriers of communication What are the Barriers to communication? Types of barriers to communication and how to overcome barriers of communication Reviewed by communication etiquette on 6:15 PM Rating: 5

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