What is communication? I Meaning of communication

What is communication? 
"Communication is the process in which knowledge, values, attitudes, skills, and ideas are shared or delivered between two or more parties".

"In simple words, we can say the transferring of something meaningful from one person to other is communication"
Communication is very essential in our daily life because without it we cannot survive and we will not be able to share our feelings and emotions with others. We build relationships or link with others through communication.


"The most important aspect of communication is to listen to what is not said" - Peter F. Drucker
                       
                        From the above statement, we conclude that communication is beyond words. Listening is a process by which the sound reaches the brain. As beings by social excellence, we are characterized by our act of communication. The speech has always contributed to the strengthening of human collectivities, to the transmission of cultural knowledge and values ​​integrated into a community tradition. 

Oral communication is the most widespread form of interlocution, Good communication is two-way smooth communication and a good communicator knows His/Her audience and knows how to communicate with them.

Meaning of communication
So from the above explanation, it is clear what communication is! Without communication, our life will be very difficult. In today's modern world there are new ways and tools of communication. Through which we connect with others. Communication is an indispensable human activity. 
                           Humans are born with superior communication skills compared to other animals, and everyone has a desire to communicate more and better. But communication is never simple. To understand the nature of communication, one must understand that communication is a 'process'.Communication is an important part of life and a means of maintaining daily life. Human relationships, which are very important in social life, are also established through communication. To make it easier to understand the nature of communication, we first need to look at the etymology of the word. Communication comes from the Latin word 'communis' which means 'common' or 'share'. A community without communication or communication without community is hard to imagine. Communication becomes a tool for human beings to live as social beings.
Example: let say you are talking to your friend on your phone and you say what is the weather out there? And if the weather will be sunny then He/She will say its good.

Nature of communication
  1. Communication involves at least two persons. For example, I am talking to someone and then communication involves me and other party.
  2. It is a two-way process. If I am talking to someone and He/She will not understand and could not get my point then He/She will ask a question to me.
  3. Communication always has a purpose. For example, you are inviting your friends to a party so the purpose of communication will be a party.
  4. It has different forms, for example, it can be verbal, non-verbal, written or oral.
  5. Scope of communication is big because communication is everywhere. you talk in your organization or workplace or in your home etc.

Basic elements of the communication process
  1. Sender: This is the source of the message, who have something to share with others, maybe a human or device or any element of the environment. The message can be in the form of symbols: words, sounds, movements, gestures, numbers, pictures, shapes, and includes: information, ideas, concepts, abilities, values, attitudes and skills, opinions, thoughts, intentions. For example, If you are not able to speak and you cannot and you need a glass of water then you will tell others by gestures and then they will et your point
  2. Encoding: The source who is sending message needs to pass that message through some symbols like words, feelings, signs, emotions, etc. Then the sender uses techniques like these and sends information to other parties. For example, Think about the person that is very beloved to you. what will you feel? when His/Her picture will come into your mind. Of course, you will have a good feeling.
  3. Message: Contains the content of the communication, that has something meaningful. The message may be information, principles, concepts, values, attitudes, skills, ideas, etc.
  4. Communication channel: The sender who is sending a message, sends the message through a communication medium. Communication channel depends on the type of communication. For example, If you are talking to your friend on your phone then your communication channel will be a phone. 
  5. Receiver: The party that receives the message, decodes the message and take action according to what He/She understands. For example, somebody is talking to you in anger then what you will get? bad voice tone, loud voice, angry facial expression.
  6. Decoding: The party that receives the message, then convert the message to its meaning for complete understanding.
  7. Feedback: The action that the receiver takes after getting a message from the sender is the feedback and it determines the effectiveness of the message.

Major types of communication
  1. Verbal Communication: It includes our speaking language. We speak with our colleagues and friends and family to explain something or talk to them.It is face to face communication.
  2. Non-Verbal Communication: It includes the body language or our behavior and tone of speaking. Our facial expressions and other signs and gestures.
  3. Written Communication: Of course from the name we can get the idea that it is a way of communication through writing and writing includes printing and sending information through symbols or numbers, letters, emails and any other way through which we type and send a message.
  4. Visual Communication: With the advancement of technology now there is a new way of communication that is visuals and graphics. We see videos and pictures daily on social media that sends a message to us.

Reasons for communication
There are many reasons to communicate but we will consider a basic one. Suppose you want to sell something then what would you do? of course, you will communicate and try to convince your client.
Let's consider the following to make it clear

  1. Intention to get started: Communication is only possible in case we have intentions to speak.
  2. Other party's consent: One should also keep in mind that if somebody doesn't want to talk then you cannot bother someone to talk to you. But it's natural and it's ok because sometimes people don't want to talk.
  3. Business Growth: Growth in size of the business due to industrialization, E-commerce, E-marketing, etc increases the demand for communication. We can also see that many new industries are booming.
  4. Advanced Technology: With the advancement in technology, communication became easy. We can talk to a person who is outside our country and that was not possible in the past.
  5. Achievement: If somebody wants to achieve his/her objectives then they have to communicate.
  6. Public relations: Communication is necessary to build public relations.
So it is clear that
"The quality of life depends on the quality of communication."
One should have communication ability because it facilitates mutual communication. Communication skills are used for face-to-face communications such as speaking and listening especially in business situations.
Certification course for communication
If you take certification courses then you will be able to improve listening, Questioning, Explaining, Cooperativeness. And after that, you can get more knowledge and you will perform better. Listening to others is very important whether you are listening to others or others are listening to you. And more thing is the cooperativeness because if your communication has quarreled then it is useless. Even if you have different opinions and interests you need to talk to other parties. There is also a test which is communication diagnostic test that determines your communication ability.
There can also be barriers and obstacles in communication that affects the effectiveness of communication but one who is a good communicator avoid those barriers for better communication.

Common barriers to communication
  1. The speaker: Sometimes the speaker itself a communication barrier. The reason is that maybe the speaker is boring to you.
  2. The topic: Sometimes you don't have an interest in the topic that the other party is talking about.
  3. Noise: Noise can also be a barrier to communication. Suppose you are talking with someone and due to the noise a road roller behind you is creating noise and then you will not be able to communicate effectively.
  4. unorganized messages: If you are not clear and concise to other party then it will become a barrier to effective communication.
  5. Emotional barrier: It can also be a barrier. Let suppose you are angry at your friend then you will not communicate with him/her because of angry emotions.
Basic History of Communication
The age of speech and language
 About 35,000 years ago, the language was used. The implications of living in a society where the fundamental process of communication is speech is not a mystery to us. At present, there are still illiterate societies that remain in the oral tradition. Obviously, all people live today in an oral society, but most have gone beyond the limits of this stage by adding modern writing, print, and media.
            The ability to use language did not produce major changes but allowed the evolution of the human condition. The words, numbers and other symbols, the rules of language and logic gave the possibility of human beings to cope with the environment, physically and socially, using modalities that were absolutely unthinkable in previous eras, when using signs and signals. Using symbol systems, individuals were able to classify, abstract, analyze, synthesize and speculate. They could store, transmit and receive messages much longer, more complex and subtler than those transmitted through the previous forms of communication. In short, the evolution towards speech and communication through language has allowed some amazing changes in human existence, as societies from different parts of the world have made the transition from a hunting and picking-based way of life. , to the development of the great classical civilization. If it is true that the language alone did not produce all these changes, they would have been impossible in his absence.
           

 The era of writing communication
   Around the year 4000 BC, the first inscriptions to which certain meanings can be associated appear, in Mesopotamia and Egypt most were rudimentary drawings painted or engraved on the walls of buildings or on similar surfaces. For example, a simple sunrise could mean a day, a bow and arrow-hunting, a human-human form, a curved line-a lake or a river. All these were the first graphic symbols from which they could develop the writing.
            Another person, the Sumerians, from the north of the Persian Gulf, developed another writing system. At first, the ideas were represented through images drawn on soft clay plates. Then, of course, the realistic details were difficult to capture in those images, so their representations become progressive. stylized. Around 1700 BC the Sumerians had the idea to create a stylized symbol that represented a certain sound rather than an idea; this became the trademark of the Sumerian system, and the advantage was enormous.
                                Alphabetical writing appeared in less than a thousand years and caught on quite quickly. It spread throughout the ancient world, and after a few centuries, it entered Greece. 


The age of Mass Media communication
             This was a transition that somehow started at the beginning of the 19th century when newspapers addressed to ordinary people and electrical devices, such as telegraph and telephone, appeared. Means of mass communication have accelerated the pace of human life, and so has communication. Mass media, cinema, radio, and television have produced cultural, social, political and economic mutations of a complex nature that are the subject of interest for numerous studies. In the 1970s television reached the saturation level and the radio at the same level a decade and a half earlier.

           
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