> What is a project? - Communication Etiquette

What is a project?

What is a project?

"Projects are temporary work performed to create unique products, services, or results." Temporary "of a project means that the project has a clear start and endpoint. When the project goals are achieved, or when the project will not or cannot be achieved The project ends when the goal is discontinued, or when a project needs no longer exist. Temporary does not necessarily mean a short duration. The products, services, or results created by the project are generally not temporary. Most projects to create lasting results. " From PMBOK2008 ".

In simple terms, the definition of the project can be formulated as follows:
"A project is a collection of people and resources that come together for a certain time to create something valuable"

what is project?, what is program manager, what is project scope

Project management is an integral part of the management system of any company.

Projects are people's efforts to use new methods to organize human, material and financial resources, and to complete an independent, one-time work task within a given cost and time constraint specification, in order to achieve Targets defined by quantitative and qualitative indicators.

The following activities can be called a project:
  • Develop a new product.
  • Plan to hold a large-scale event (such as planning a wedding, organizing a large-scale international conference, etc.)
  • Plan a self-driving tour.
  • Consulting, development, implementation.

Key Features of Project

Each project has the following main characteristics:
  • The goal of the project or the end result.
  • Duration of the project (the time during which the project is planned and developed).
  • The complexity of the project - projects can be simple, and can be composite, which includes other subprojects and, as a rule, they are extended in time, and their success depends on many factors.
  • Scheduled project plan - each project consists of steps by which its development is carried out.
  • The project budget - the cost of human and other resources that are involved in the implementation of the project.

Open and closed projects


If you have already done a specific project and know-how to carry it out, then such projects are called closed, and there are projects for which there is no implementation experience - they are called open. As a rule, open projects are riskier and more profitable.



Closed projects have a high probability of completion in the short term, but most likely low returns. Open ones have less probability of execution and higher prospective profitability.


The project portfolio of the company should include both closed ones (for generating constant income) and open ones (for high performance). The portfolio should be balanced.

Project roles

Each project has several project roles. Typically, the following can be distinguished:

Customer: This can be either an external customer or a business owner and shareholder.
Contractor: This can be either an external contractor or an internal project team.
Project manager: A  person who is responsible for the implementation of the project on time and effective interaction between the customer and the contractor.


Also, read: What is a work meeting? Types of work meeting

Simple and compound projects

As mentioned above, projects can be simple. when their implementation requires a minimum amount of time and team resources, and composite, which usually consists of many interdependent subprojects, and also stretched over time.

What is a program manager?


A person authorized to manage the program. Hereinafter, role function is meant. The program manager may also be responsible for one or more projects within the program. That is, the same person can be both the manager of these projects and the manager of the entire program. The program manager leads the overall planning and management of the program. All project managers within the program report to the program manager.

A program manager can be considered as a visionary leader for the general program. They are responsible for defining the objectives of the program and how they will affect the business.


Its function is to create a route and define the list of dependent projects that must be completed to achieve the overall objective. Regarding the program, they focus on strategy and implementation, and how to delegate projects properly.


For example: if the program is a marketing campaign, some possible objectives that the program manager can define include the generation of potential customers for conversion, the creation of brand awareness and the expansion of the target market.



The role of the program manager extends beyond the realization of individual projects and focuses on the long-term benefits of the entire program.

What is a project manager?

The project manager manages the operations of an individual project that belongs to a program. It is responsible for coordinating time, budget and resources, as well as delegating tasks to the team. The project manager informs the program manager about the progress and changes made to the initial project plan.

The role of the project manager is more tactical than that of the program manager: they mainly focus on the operational elements of the project, such as meeting deadlines, staying on the budget and completing deliveries.

In general, the role of the project manager ends once the project is completed, although it is useful to review the processes to see what worked and what didn't.
Differences between a program manager and a project manager

If you are preparing for one of these positions or you are applying for one of these positions, it is essential that you understand the specific responsibilities of the program managers in front of the project managers for proper delegation and the success of your work. And as a member of a team, knowing the difference between the two positions will help you when looking for information about a program or project.

What is the project scope?

A document that must be executed in accordance with all the rules, and which will be used by all team members to develop a plan and evaluate the result. The document clearly explains which product should be delivered to the customer at the end of the project.







What is a project? What is a project? Reviewed by communication etiquette on 1:31 PM Rating: 5

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